Wednesday, December 16, 2020

Memorable Scene 1—Kal Ho Naa Ho

I am starting a new series Memorable Scene where I will write on my favorite scenes from films. I remember films more by their scenes than any other thing.
Kal Ho Naa Ho completed seventeen years of its release recently. Not only is it my favorite Shah Rukh Khan film, but also, one of my favorite films ever. It is also a film that was instrumental in developing my love for films. I was in Class Eleventh when it had released. At that point in life, when the shock of science studies hits, that too in a new school with no friends, this movie brought comfort and joy. I found friends in films. I am always moved whenever I watch this film.
There are many scenes that are my favorite from this film. The sight of Aman (Shah Rukh Khan) in the hospital and the melancholic score playing in the background is one of the best scenes ever in Hindi films. Other scenes, such as the one with the diary at the station, and the one at the mehendi where Naina (Preity Zinta) and Aman go into a bubble of their own, are just beautiful. But I also love the one where the truth about Gia (Jhanak Shukla) is revealed to Dadi (Sushma Seth) by Aman. It is a moving scene reiterating the importance of love and kindness. Sushma Seth and Jaya Bachchan are spectacular in the scene. 
The scene begins when Dadi questions Jenny (Jaya Bachchan) about the need to tell Rohit (Saif Ali Khan) and his parents the real reason for the death of Naina's father. Jenny believes that new relationships cannot be built on the basis of a lie. Naye rishtey jhooth ki buniyaad par nahi bante. Dadi taunts her that she could not save her existing relationships and now talks about building new ones. Then, the conversation segues to Gia where Dadi refuses to accept that she is her grandchild. Dadi calls her a burden that Jenny brought on their family which led to her son taking his life. Meanwhile, an emotional Gia runs to Aman to apprise him of the events at her house. Aman comes to the house and interferes in the conversation between Dadi and Jenny. He reveals to Dadi that Gia was borne out of her son's infidelity and Jenny took it upon herself to raise her as her own daughter. Her son could have understood Jenny's hate and anger but he could not take the magnanimity and the kindness with which she accepted Gia. It was this guilt that led to his death by suicide.
Earlier in the scene, Dadi recounts the mistakes her son made in his life. She says that her son made a mistake when he married Jenny, and then another one when he adopted Gia. Later, Naina reads a letter from Gia's birth mother where she brings the topic of mistakes and writes that when someone makes a mistake, they also possess the ability to pay the price of it. But Jenny had to pay the price of a mistake that she did not even commit in the first place. All her life, she took the blame for someone else's faults. After realizing her own mistake, Dadi reaches out to Jenny who cries her heart out to her and says that her husband was not a bad man; he just made a mistake. It is only fitting then that the reconciliation between Dadi and Jenny happens in a church, a place to ask and receive forgiveness for mistakes.
In Masoom, Indu (Shabana Azmi) learns that her husband DK (Naseeruddin Shah) had a child Rahul (Jugal Hansraj) from an affair in the past. After Rahul's mother Bhavana (Supriya Pathak) dies, he is sent to live with DK. Indu cannot stand living under the same roof as Rahul as he reminds her of her husband's infidelity but she gradually comes around to accepting Rahul. In Kal Ho Naa Ho, Gia's birth mother is alive but is unable to take care of her daughter. She leaves it to her partner's wife to take care of her. Jenny would have, perhaps, gone through the same trauma as Indu but the film does not show this aspect. Jenny chooses not to see her husband's betrayal in Gia. She only sees a child looking for a bit of love. Jenny even hid the truth from her husband's mother and protects Gia at every stage. Jenny is a wonderful human being. In the beginning moments of the film, Gia and her family pray to Jesus Christ to send them an angel to remove all their sorrows. Aman is the angel who comes to their rescue but it was Jenny who was truly the guardian angel of Gia. 
Kal Ho Naa Ho always reminds me of the immense love that people carry in their hearts. Jenny and Aman worked to make the world a better place for the people they love and they did it all alone. All the statistics in the world cannot measure the capacity of the human heart to love.

Dialogue of the Day:
"Kehte hain jab insaan galti karta hai, toh uski saza bhugatne ki taakat bhi usme hoti hai."
—Gia's Mother, Kal Ho Naa Ho

Sunday, November 29, 2020

Ludo—All The World's A Game

Ludo is life, life is ludo. Sitting outside a temple in an unknown place, Anurag Basu as Yamraj explains the philosophy of his latest film Ludo with these words. All human beings are like the players of the game ludo. Just as a die controls the fate of the players, it is God who controls the fate of human beings. Replicating the four colors of the game, Ludo consists of four interlinked stories. Red is the story of Batukeshwar 'Bittu' Tiwari (Abhishek Bachchan), a former gangster released from prison, hoping to rekindle the relationship with his young daughter. Green is the story of Alok Kumar 'Alu' Gupta (Rajkummar Rao), a restaurant owner, who will do anything for his childhood love Pinky (Fatima Sana Shaikh). Yellow is the story of Akash, a budding ventriloquist, who teams up with Shruti (Sanya Malhotra), to figure out the events behind the leak of their sex tape. Blue is the story of two starry-eyed youngsters Rahul (Rohit Suresh Saraf) and Sheeja (Pearle Maaney) dreaming to make it big in life. Having shades of all the four colors is Sattu Bhaiya (Pankaj Tripathi), a gangster, connecting the different stories.
The characters of Ludo are driven by the emotion of love. They demonstrate the different facets of love. In a sublime moment, Mini (Inayat Verma) tells Bittu that she does not want her pet Chikoo back as he is happy with his new foster family. If Chikoo is happy, she is happy. Mini imparts the wisdom to Bittu that love is about sacrifice. It makes Bittu realize that his own daughter Ruhi is also happy with her new father and he needs to accept the same. Bittu is the only protagonist who dies in the end because he learned the difference between love and ego and sacrificed himself to protect his family. It is not surprising that it is red—the color of love and blood—that represents his story.
There is Alok who goes to Pinky's house and tries to have a glimpse of her before he begins his day. Once he sees her, he does the gesture of being blessed as they do in the places of worship. For him, love is about devotion. In Aabaad Barbaad, they say, "Meetha sa yeh zeher, main to peeta rahunga. Tu khuda na sahi, main to sajde karunga." Alok will keep on drinking this sweet poison of love. She might not be God, but he will bow down before her. He is the extreme version of Mohan (Ranvir Shorey) of Aaja Nachle. He is ready to go to any extent to make Pinky happy even if it means losing everything that he owns in his life. He donates his entire savings to Pinky despite knowing that she is only using him. In his life, he preferred Amitabh Bachchan as an actor but because Pinky liked Mithun Chakraborty, he becomes a fan of the Disco Dancer actor. He has lost his identity because of his steadfast loyalty and dedication to Pinky. He truly is an emotional fool and it is love that makes him become one.
Early in Ludo, Akash lands up at Shruti's house and asks her, "Pahunch gayi jahan pahunchna tha." She replies, "Haan, usse bhi aage." Shruti was made to believe that to be happy in life, she has to marry a rich boy. She has a friends-with-benefits relationship with Akash but she does not want to be serious with him as he is not rich. The problem is not that Akash is not rich now; the problem is he will never be rich even in the future"Kam paise me khush rehna difficult hai, par zyada me impossible,reaffirms Akash. This is the reason Shruti is denying and running away from her feelings for him. She says to him, "Mujhe mere raaste se mat bhatkao," because she wants to go somewhere else in life. There was another Shruti (Ileana D'Cruz) in Barfi! whose mother discouraged her from taking her relationship forward with the man she loves. Her mother had left the man she had loved in her youth to marry someone who could give her a better life. Shruti follows the same path as her mother and leaves Barfi (Ranbir Kapoor) to marry another guy. However, she lives a life of perennial regret as she did not have the courage to listen to her heart. Shruti from Ludo decides to not go down the path taken by her namesake and marries Akash even if it means living a life with limited means. Because love is about acceptance. It is about listening to the heart. Shruti and Akash have a Yes Boss–type ending where they travel on a scooter and look at another couple in their car. They have no regrets and are content with what they have.
Rahul is bullied by his boss at the mall. Sheeja is ridiculed by her coworkers at the hospital. It is fate that brings them together. They belong to different regions and speak a language that the other does not understand. There is minimal spoken conversation between them yet they manage to communicate. As they said in Barfi!, "Khamoshi bhi pyaar ki zubaan hoti haii,Rahul and Sheeja speak through silences. Love is about the unspoken.
Ludo is also a film about shared identities and universal connections. The different stories in the film are about characters finding and relating to their second self. Akash is a ventriloquist and carries a dummy that resembles him. He names it Aks—his reflection—and adds that he is his alter-ego. Aks can freely say the things that Akash hesitates to speak about. Bittu finds his Aks in Mini. Mini's relationship with Chikoo has parallels in Bittu's relationship with his daughter Ruhi. Chikoo has been adopted by another family as Mini's nanny was not amenable to taking care of him. Likewise, Ruhi has a stepfather as her mother separated from Bittu after he was sent to jail. At some later stage, Bittu and Mini are even dressed in the same shirt. There is Alok whose alter-ego is Mithun Chakraborty. He follows all his mannerisms and becomes the "second-hand Mithun" because Pinky is his fan even though he prefers Amitabh Bachchan personally. Then, there is the trigger-happy Sattu Bhaiya who lets go of Rahul because his own name is also Rahul. He sees himself in Rahul. The love story of Rahul and Sheeja is again mirrored in the love story of Sattu Bhaiya and Lata Kutty (Shalini Vatsa).
There are more connections between the characters. Akash, Alok, and Bittu are at different stages of the same dilemma related to the woman in their life. Akash likes Shruti but she is getting married to another guy. Alok likes Pinky but she has married someone else and has a newborn kid. Bittu was married to Asha (Asha Negi) and is separated now but he wants to connect with his young daughter. The angle of the child also has a similar essence in the different stories. Alok has more love for Pinky's kid Babu than his real father. Likewise, in Bittu's absence, Bhanu (Bhanu Uday) became the father to Ruhi and showered her with the love that her real father could not due to some circumstances. Fathers play a special role in Anurag Basu's films as seen in the relationship between Barfi and his father in Barfi! and the one between Jagga (Ranbir Kapoor) and his adopted father in Jagga Jasoos. Basu, in fact, also opens Ludo by paying a tribute to his father.
Apart from the inherent similarity in all the four stories, Ludo links them through other ways as well. Both Alok and Bittu are former gangsters. Alok has three friends who are often seen with him. Likewise, Bittu forces another trinity—Kali, Shiva, and Daruka—to come along with him to keep Mini entertained when he kidnaps her. Early in the film, Akash is shown with his foot outside the car. Later, Sattu Bhaiya is seen in the exact same position. Like Mini guides Bittu on the call when he speaks to her parents, Akash makes noises of Shruti's parents when she speaks to her fiancĂ©. Like Rahul stands up in front of his manager who was always bullying him, Sattu Bhaiya fights the doctor who was sexually abusing all the nurses in the hospital. Through these linkages, Basu is reiterating the connections between the different stories.
The trinity
There is more in Ludo that Basu adapts from some of his previous films, such as Barfi! and Jagga Jasoos. They all have the whimsical Wes Anderson-ish quality about them. Early in Barfi!, the narrator sings, "Radio on hua, Amma off hui," when Barfi's mother passes away. It is a sad moment but Basu makes it funny. In Ludo, a lot of serious things occur but the proceedings are treated lightly, especially, death. Apart from these, many scenes and characters of Ludo remind of Basu's oeuvre. Shruti and Akash were also the names of the characters in Jagga Jasoos. Shruti (Katrina Kaif) was the journalist and Akash was her boyfriend who passed away. Shruti also teaches the kids that we are all like comic characters and our stories are written by God. He adds in certain unpredictable plot twists if he wants to make two characters meet which is again similar to the theme of Ludo as explained by Yamraj. In Ludo, when a woman runs away with all his money, Alok lets out a scream which harks back to the scream of (another) Shruti (Konkona Sensharma) in Life In A Metro where Monty (Irrfan) advises her to let her anger out. There are many more self-referential scenes and themes in Ludo; some of them are given below.
Ludo and Jagga Jasoos
Ludo and Barfi!
Ludo and Barfi!
Ludo and Jagga Jasoos
Ludo and Barfi!
Ludo and Barfi!
Ludo and Jagga Jasoos
Ludo and Jagga Jasoos
Ludo and Barfi!
Ludo and Barfi!
Ludo and Life In A Metro
Mini and Bittu hatch a plan together to extract money from her parents where he will pretend to kidnap her. The whole angle of kidnapping in Ludo is again reminiscent of Barfi! where Barfi does the same with Jhilmil and takes her to Kolkata. The letter that Mini writes to her parents by cutting letters from her book is the same way that Barfi wrote when he asked for Jhilmil's ransom. Bittu and Mini run away to the villages crossing rivulets, as was seen in Barfi!, too. Just as it was a bit uncomfortable to watch Jhilmil imagining herself getting married to Barfi, it initially takes time to get used to seeing Bittu and Mini alone without worrying about the power dynamics between them. When the police finally catch up with Bittu and Mini, there is a Highway-like gunshot heard bringing an end to the fantasy ride.
Ludo and Barfi!
Barfi! and Jagga Jasoos and Ludo
The story of Bittu and Mini has roots in Rabindranath Tagore's Kabuliwallah. Bittu returns from prison hoping to meet his daughter Ruhi, who, however, has been sent to a hostel. During a chance encounter, Bittu meets Mini who is the same age as Ruhi. A bond develops between the two as Mini reminds Bittu of Ruhi. In Kabuliwallah, a trader from Afghanistan named Rahmat develops a friendship with a little girl named Mini in Calcutta. Talking with Mini reminds Rahmat of his daughter in Kabul who is the same age as Mini. Towards the end, Mini's father realizes that Rahmat was a father just as he was a father stressing the universality of human relationships. The parallels between Ludo and Kabuliwallah are easily discernible. Even the name Mini is the same in both stories.
The cinematography, also credited to Basu, in Ludo includes many top shots as it is mimicking a ludo board. The film also has many similar stair shots in all four stories. This was also seen in Jagga Jasoos when Shruti falls down the stairs in Shundi. There are also scenes in Ludo where characters are presented in a titled position. One additional motif was also the presence of mirror shots in the story of Bittu and Mini. It is more prominent in the sequence when Bittu escapes in the police car. The rearview mirror shows the image of Mini and her family and a gunshot shatters the mirror breaking the relationships that were formed earlier.
Jagga Jasoos
Tilt in the scenes
Ludo also adds a lot of quirks to the narrative. The funniest bit was the one where Sattu Bhaiya watches Akash's porn clip and the entire houseboat starts shaking. The miniature model that Alu makes to demonstrate the release of Pinky's husband from the crane uses an aloo and a mirchi. When the inspector speaks to Bittu, the camera pans to show his raised feet. The plants at Akash's house are kept in the legs of mannequins. In the footsteps of Bhaag DK Bose, there is Life ki lag gaye hai Ludo which is obviously pointing to popular slang. Additionally, there are characters who say Lodu which is an anagram of Ludo. All the cars in the film have the vehicle number that starts with Ludo. Towards the end, the stories and the colors converge at befittingly-titled Hotel Paradise. Despite all these, I felt that Ludo does not become greater than the sum of its individual parts. It lacks the emotional heft of Barfi! and the wild craziness of Jagga Jasoos. It seems a controlled film but I will still say that it is a good film with some nice performances.
Car Numbers
Many a time in Ludo, the song O Beta Ji Kismat Ki Hawa from Albela (1951) starts playing. Kismat ki hawa kabhi naram, kabhi garam. Kabhi naram-naram, kabhi garam-garam. This perfectly fits the philosophy of Ludo. Life is a game of randomness. Paap (sin) and punya (virtue) are nothing but man-made constructs aimed to bring a sense of control to life. The way life turns out is not predicated on one's actions. In the Mahabharata, the Kauravas went to heaven, while the Pandavas were in hell. Sattu Bhaiya did the most horrible things, yet he survived even after being left for dead six times. This is the same underlying theme that Basu also depicted in Jagga Jasoos. In a profound moment in Jagga Jasoos, a group of people get together to celebrate the birthday of a dead man. They sing together and talk about the philosophy of life. "Hum yahaan do din ke meheman hai, yeh maan lo. Nonstop ek party hai, jahaan sab ko aana hai, aur khaana kha ke daaru pi ke chale jaana hai." Our time on earth is limited and equivalent to going to a party. We are all like the guests who come, eat, drink, and go away. Sometimes, it serves well to remember these words and take a moment to really enjoy the beauty of life around us; after all, who knows what the die of fate will throw next at us.
1) Yamraj and Chitragupta also appear in Taqdeerwala which is a film I fondly remember from childhood days. Remember #Hemcream.
3) After Dangal, Fatima Sana Shaikh and Sanya Malhotra are seen together in Ludo but they do not have a scene with each other.
4) Played by Abhishek Bachchan, Bittu seems to be in the same mold as Lallan Singh from Yuva.
5) The logo of Anurag Basu Films has a man which looks like him.
6) Ludo and CID should be added to this post on television in films. 
7) Ludo should also be added to this post on ventriloquists in films. Ludo is the second film of 2020 after Gulba Sitabo to feature puppets.
8) There is a coronavirus reference in Ludo making it one of the first films to talk about it. 
9) It was a nice touch to use a puppet to take a dig on Arnab Goswami. Also, was that Atmanirbhar dialogue intentional?
10. My favorite subtitle from Ludo. I am definitely having Maa Kasam muffins.
Other Reading:
1) On Jagga JasoosLink
2) On Barfi!Link
3) Why Pandavas went to Naraka and Kauravas to Swarga in Mahabharata?—Link

Dialogue of the Day:
"Kuch rishton me logic nahi hota, sirf magic hota hai. Magic."
—Alok, Ludo

Sunday, November 8, 2020

Trivia Post 18

I am putting more trivia notes from the last few weeks.

1. A dialogue and a song.
"Aisa pehli baar hua hai, satraah athraah saalon me, andekha aanjaana koi, aane laga khayaalon mein."—Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge
"Aisa peli baar hua hai satraah athraah saalon mein, koi aaye jaaye, mere khayaalon mein."—Har Dil Jo Pyar Karega
2. The scream in Laxmii and Sangharsh.
3. The two giraffes also finally meet in Jagga Jasoos.
4. An interesting fact from Jai Arjun Singh's blog: Ketan Mehta has made five films that have alliteration in their titles.
  • Bhavni Bhavai
  • Mirch Masala
  • Hero Hiralal
  • Maya Memsaab
  • Rang Rasiya
5. Blaming the victim in Mirch Masala and Padmaavat
"Galti tere roop me hai."
"Uske dekhne me nahi?
Mirch Masala

"Dosh aap ke roop ka hai.
"Aur dekhne vale ki buri nazar ka nahi?"
6. The ending of Mirch Masala and Padmaavat. More on Padmaavat here.
7. The colors in this scene from Kabhi Alvida Naa Kehna: She is dressed in red and green. He is dressed in red and green. He has a bouquet in red and green. A rose is red and green. More on Kabhi Alvida Naa Kehna here.
8. Mohsin Akhtar who played a small role in Luck By Chance is Urmila Matondkar's husband.
9. Some scenes in the trailer of Harami are reminiscent of the ones in Gully Boy.
Gully Boy
10. Rich people are nice because of their money. Similar lines in Parasite and The White Tiger.
11. Rats representing Sarika's fear in Ek Hasina Thi. She has conquered her fear. 
How it started: How it ended.
12. Talking of rats, Tu Hai Mera Sunday is a film about people who do not want to be a part of the rat race. Rashid's room is dirty and messy. A rat is often seen scurrying all over the room. Rashid also dreams of a rat coming out of his ear. He wears a vest that has 'Rules are meant to be broken' written on it and meets Tasneem who gives him the contact number for pest control. Finally, in the end, his room is clean and the rat dies, pointing to the changes in his life.
13. In Tu Hai Mera Sunday, Arjun's niece recites some lines from the poem Leisure by William Henry Davies which talk about having no time to enjoy the beauty around, similar to the film's theme as well. "What is this life if, full of care, We have no time to stand and stare. No time to stand beneath the boughs And stare as long as sheep or cows."
14. "Aisa lagta hai saare jawaab mere saamne hai, lekin mujhe nazar nahi aa rahe hain," says Suri in Talaash. The answer was actually sitting in front of him. "Koi kab tak dooba rahega, Sahab. Kabhi na kabhi toh tair ke upar aana hi padega," says Rosie. And, Suri finally comes out from the sea of grief.
Sea of grief
15. Bindu talking about her emotional baggage in Meri Pyari Bindu—"Ab toh main sach me bhaari ho gayi hun."
16. In Haider's script, the lyrics of Haider's performance at his mother's wedding reception were originally written to be about the story of a king and a queen. In the film, this was shown in Bismil as the story of a falcon and a nightingale.
17. 'Jaa, jee le apni zindagi' appears twice in Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge
18. Smita Patil in Gandha.
19. Randeep Hooda did an interesting post on his roles in Mira Nair's Monsoon Wedding and A Suitable Boy on his Instagram account.
20. A beautiful screenshot from Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje
21. I liked parts of Dolly Kitty Aur Woh Chamakte Sitare. As seen in the film's poster as well, Dolly is shown trapped by the use of grills and mirrors.
22. In Dolly Kitty Aur Woh Chamakte Sitare, a man calls Kitty for sexual gratification and his wife is shown in a state of coma. In Tumhari Sulu, a widower calls Sulu for emotional gratification as her voice reminds him of his dead wife.
Dolly Kitty Aur Woh Chamakte Sitare
Tumhari Sulu
23. Albela starring Bhagwan Dada and Geeta Bali seen in the trailer of Ludo. The song O Beta Ji Kismat Ki Hawa from the same film also appears in the trailer.
24. Similar elements in Anurag Basu's films.
Barfi, Jagga Jasoos, and Ludo
Barfi and Ludo
Barfi and Ludo
25. In Andhadhun, a photograph is seen near Aakash's piano. It has Kishore Kumar talking with a woman. I am unable to recognize her. Some friends on Twitter have replied with possible answers. There is a similar picture of Kishore Kumar and Hema Malini on the internet. However, the woman in Andhadhun's picture does not seem to be Hema Malini. I guess Sriram Raghavan gave us another Easter egg to figure out.
26. On difficult paths in Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge and Dear Zindagi. 
27. Palat scenes in Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge and Dil Toh Pagal Hai.
28. Happy Birthday, Shah Rukh Khan. Some of my absolute favorite scenes from Luck By Chance are related to him. In a party, Karan Johar explains to Zafar, "Industry me outsiders aise hi to aate hain. Koi alag tarah ka role likhta hai, bada star nahi karta and finally ek naye ladke ko break mil jata hai. Darr, Baazigar. I mean bahut saare stars ne nahi kahi. Finally, one man did it. Shah Rukh Khan."
Outsiders in the industry
Never forget your old friends
Dialogue of the Day:
"Unhein mat bhoolo jo tumhe tab jaante the jab tum kuch nahi they, kyunki bas yahi hai jo tumhe hamesha sach bolenge."
Shah Rukh Khan, Luck By Chance